The rollout of 5G will also affect emergency communications. The new generation of networks tends to refer to the consumer market or the industrial sector. However, it will impact all types of wireless connections. The case of law enforcement or emergency forces is one of them.

The police will benefit from the use of 5G with more reliable emergency communications. On the one hand, patrols will be able to more easily access the resources and databases that they normally use. With smartphones, tablets, or laptops they will be able to make inquiries and manage programs in the cloud with agility.

One of the advantages that 5G would have would be the elimination of the difference between the office and the patrols when accessing information. With the new connectivity, the speed of fiber, which presumably connects police stations, could be matched. This is an added advantage for troops on the streets, as they often have limited resources. In this way, they could avoid the delay of having to request data from the offices.

The benefits of 5G for police and emergency communications

5G networks offer greater efficiency and performance, in terms of speed and latency. And so they enable new functions for law enforcement and emergency communications. One of the benefits that the new connectivity will bring will be the expansion of cloud-based services.

With 5G, networks will be able to support a greater load of information transmission. The use of highly demanding solutions will be possible from a mobile point. One of the simplest examples is the use of speech recognition and dictation programs. This type of software greatly streamlines the paperwork that the police have to carry out. However, voice dictation usually requires the cloud to gain precision in the process. Obviously, the Internet connection has to be fast enough to deliver artificial intelligence workloads in real-time. At the same time, latency should be minimal, so that transcription is not interrupted and hampered.

In real-time and without latency

5G provides adequate specifications for this type of task. But also when transmitting heavy information. One example is sending videos in real-time. The speed of the new connectivity will allow an ultra-high-resolution recording, such as 4K, to be sent to different patrols or to the office.

This is just one part. The other is the analysis of this information through automatic programs. For example, image recognition is typically practiced with cloud solutions. Again, from a police station, there is a sufficient connection to execute these processes. With 5G, image analysis of this type could be launched from a mobile point. Edge computing, linked to new technology, allows processing tasks in the antennas themselves, without the information having to travel to data centers.

Minimum latency is also important when streaming video in real-time. This way the footage will not be interrupted or cut off. At the same time, 5G minimizes delay in such a critical element as communications between different police teams.

No saturation

Another advantage of 5G is the density it offers. That is, there may be many more computers transmitting information from the same area. If with 4G, thousands of terminals could be connected without difficulties in one square kilometer, with the new network it will be one million.

Hence, emergency communications are guaranteed during a major event, such as a demonstration of hundreds of thousands of people. In such an event, today’s networks run the risk of becoming saturated. But the same will not happen with 5G.

Control of urban mobility in real-time for emergency communications

The possibilities of 5G are combined in the project designed for the Malaga police. This is an initiative promoted by the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Digital Transformation through, and in which Telefónica collaborates.

The objective is to improve the control of urban mobility in real-time. And for this, the Malaga police are reinforced with a private 5G network, which is deployed in the center of the city. In this way, critical communications between police officers are guaranteed. They include the transmission of video in real-time.

With regard to the 5G infrastructure, Telefónica participates in two areas. The private network deployed with this technology guarantees the availability of resources for communications in emergency situations. It does it independently of the commercial network so that possible congestion is avoided. This is what allows the connection between police officers at all times.

The other area is the availability of computing resources in edge computing, at the edge of the network. This formula allows you to add value to the data stream. The Malaga police will be able, in this case, to make an analysis – thanks to artificial intelligence – in real-time of the video captured by a mobile camera connected by 5G.